Charged with Assault and Now Must Appear in Juvenile Court?
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DEFENDING A CHARGE OF ASSAULT BEFORE A JUDGE IN JUVENILE COURT
In New Jersey, assault cases are considered to be simple or aggravated. Simple assault is considered a lesser serious offense than aggravated assault. However, just because your charge is simple assault does NOT mean it has no serious implications.
Along with possible jail/detention center time and hefty fines, a conviction for simple assault will give you a permanent criminal record. This can impact many future aspects of your life, including getting a job, getting into school, the military, and law enforcement and getting a professional license. Don’t leave yourself at risk. Call us at Hanlon Niemann today and let them us work to protect your rights and your pocketbook.
WHAT CONSTITUTES A SIMPLE ASSAULT CHARGE IN NEW JERSEY?
New Jersey Law says a person is guilty of simple assault if they commit one of three actions:
- Purposely, knowingly, or recklessly causing bodily injury to another, or attempting to do such;
- Negligently causing bodily injury to another with a deadly weapon;
- Attempting by physical menace to put another in fear of imminent serious bodily injury.
Did you notice that the law provides that purposely causing bodily injury to someone or attempting to cause bodily injury is considered assault? There is one big exception to this however, and that is if the assault involves a fight entered into with mutual consent, the matter is to be considered a petty disorderly person’s offense.
One interesting thing to note about a simple assault case is that the offense includes “attempts”. This means that one can be charged for simply attempting to cause bodily harm to someone or attempting by physical menace to put someone in fear of being serious hurt, even if they are not successful. One must also notice the distinctions between attempting to cause “bodily injury” and attempting to put another in fear of “imminent serious bodily injury”. Imminent serious bodily injury is obviously more significant, as it refers to a risk of death or other significant bodily harm, something more than just a punch in the arm for example. This distinction is made solely to ensure that threats of significant bodily injury to someone are considered simple assault, even if no actual “attempt” is made to physically harm the person. Pointing a gun at someone is therefore considered simple assault, even if you aren’t attempting to kill the person or even pull the trigger. This is because you are attempting to place a person in fear of significant bodily injury, or death.
One must also remember that a conviction for simple assault can be made by “reckless” or “negligent” actions. Reckless actions refer to those actions where an individual consciously disregards a known or reasonably foreseeable risk of bodily injury. What is and isn’t considered reckless is subjective, meaning it is decided on a case by case basis. “Negligent” actions that constitute “simple assault” on the other hand, must involve a deadly weapon, such as a gun, knife or any other object that can cause death or serious bodily injury. Under these circumstances, the individual inflicts bodily harm to the victim under circumstances where the risk is significant and unjustified. The charge and resulting outcome are determined on a subjective basis, making it imperative that you have an experienced Juvenile Court Attorney by your side familiar with the elements that constitute simple assault under the laws of New Jersey.
WHAT IS AGGRAVATED ASSAULT?
Aggravated Assault is defined as an action where an individual
- Attempts to cause serious bodily injury to another, or cause injury to another purposely or knowingly under circumstances which evidence on extreme indifference to the safety of human life or recklessly causes injury to another; or
- Attempts to cause or with a purpose to cause or with knowledge causes bodily injury to another person with a deadly weapon; or
- Recklessly causes bodily injury to another with a deadly weapon; or
- Knowingly under circumstances demonstrating extreme indifference to the value of human life points a firearm at or in the direction of another, whether or not the actor believes it to be loaded; or
- Commits a simple assault upon a law enforcement officer, fireman, or certain other government employees…
The assault statutes also include other situations, but the above constitute the basics of the law. One other important note about aggravated assault is that it includes all simple assaults upon cops and certain other government officials. This means that a simple assault automatically becomes an indictable offense if the assault occurs on a government employee listed in the statute.
It is important to know the difference between simple assault and aggravated assault. Many times, prosecutors will charge you for aggravated assault when the facts only warrant a simple assault charge. An inexperienced New Jersey assault law attorney may not pick up on this. It is important to have an attorney who knows the law and is able to apply the law on assault to the specific facts of your case.
WHAT KIND OF SENTENCE CAN BE AN INDIVIDUAL FACE IF CONVICTED OF SIMPLE ASSAULT?
At Hanlon Niemann & Wright, an experienced attorney can defend you and often help you negotiate a plea deal with the prosecutor and if warranted, plead guilty to a lesser serious charge. Don’t go it alone! Simple and Aggravated Assault cases are one of the many challenging areas of Municipal Court. Not only are there different degrees of assault, but different penalties, fines and prison terms applied for each. Please call Fredrick P. Niemann, Esq., a knowledgeable NJ Juvenile Court Assault Attorney today. He can be reached toll-free at (855) 376-5291 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. He looks forward to speaking with you.
Written by Fredrick P. Niemann, Esq. of Hanlon Niemann & Wright, a New Jersey Juvenile Court Attorney